Chronic kidney disease, also called chronic kidney failure, involves a gradual loss of kidney function. Your kidneys filter wastes and excess fluids from your blood, which are then removed in your urine. Advanced chronic kidney disease can cause dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes and wastes to build up in your body. In the early stages of chronic kidney disease, you might have few signs or symptoms. You might not realize that you have kidney disease until the condition is advanced. Treatment for chronic kidney disease focuses on slowing the progression of kidney damage, usually by controlling the cause. But, even controlling the cause might not keep kidney damage from progressing. Chronic kidney disease can progress to end-stage kidney failure, which is fatal without artificial filtering (dialysis) or a kidney transplant.


Signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease develop over time if kidney damage progresses slowly and may include:

  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue and weakness and sleep problem
  • Changes in how much you urinate
  • High blood pressure (hypertension) that’s difficult to control
  • Decreased mental sharpness
  • Muscle twitches & cramps
  • Shortness of breath, if fluid builds up in the lungs
  • Chest pain, if fluid builds up around the lining of the heart


To make the diagnosis you need to enter following informations:

  • age: age of patient
  • Blood pressure: in mm/Hg
  • Urine specific Gravity test results: between (1,002 – 1,030)
  • Amount of Blood Glucose Random in msg/dl
  • Amount of Blood Urea in msg/dl
  • Amount of Serum Creatinine in msg/dl
  • Amount of Hemoglobin in gas
  • Pus Cell clumps: present, not-present
  • Bacteria: present, not-present
  • Hypertension: Yes or No
  • Diabetes Mellitus : Yes or No
  • Coronary Artery Disease: Yes or No
  • Appetite: good or poor
  • Pedal Edema: yes or no
  • Anemia: yes or no